Object types

Creating and changing object types are common tasks for the Objecttypes API. API Usage describes how to do it with HTTP requests. But you can also use the Objecttypes admin to create, publish and update object types.

Create an object type

Let’s start with creating an object type. For example, you want to store data about trees in your town. First, you need to decide which attributes your data will have and to design JSON schema for trees. You can take a look at provided Examples. In this example we will use the same JSON schema as in the API Usage page.

  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema",
  "$id": "https://api.vng.nl/objecttypes/boom/schema.json",
  "type": "object",
  "title": "Boom",
  "description": "Een houtachtig gewas (loofboom of conifeer) met een wortelgestel en een enkele, stevige, houtige stam, die zich boven de grond vertakt.",
  "properties": {
    "boomgroep": {
      "$id": "#/properties/boomgroep",
      "type": "string",
      "title": "Boomgroep",
      "description": "Aanduiding of de boom onderdeel is van een boomgroep.",
      "examples": [
      "enum": [
        "Solitaire boom"
    "boomhoogteactueel": {
      "$id": "#/properties/boomhoogteactueel",
      "type": "integer",
      "title": "BoomhoogteActueel",
      "description": "Hoogte van de boom in meters.\nEenheid: m"
    "leeftijd": {
      "$id": "#/properties/leeftijd",
      "type": "integer",
      "title": "Leeftijd",
      "description": "Leeftijd van het beheerobject in jaren.\nEenheid: Aantal",
      "examples": []
    "meerstammig": {
      "$id": "#/properties/meerstammig",
      "type": "boolean",
      "title": "Meerstammig",
      "description": "Aanduiding voor meerstammigheid bij een Boom"
    "type": {
      "$id": "#/properties/type",
      "type": "string",
      "title": "Type",
      "description": "Typering van het beheerobject."
  "required": ["boomhoogteactueel", "leeftijd"]

In the Objecttypes admin dashboard click on “Objecttypes” and click on the “Add” button.

Click on the "add" button

Fill in the form with the meta information about the object type. The uuid field is already prefilled in.

Fill in metadata

Scroll down, add the JSON schema in the “Last version” subsection and click on the “save” button.

Fill in JSON schema and save.

The object type has been created.

Publish an object type version

Let’s take a look at our freshly created object type. You can see that the object type has the ‘draft’ status, which means, that it can be updated without creating a new version. Once the object type version is published you can’t change it anymore, unless you create a new version.

Let’s publish our object type version. It can be easily done with clicking on the “publish” button.

Publish the version.

Now the status of the “last version” is changed to “published” and the value of the “JSON schema” attribute becomes read-only,

Create a new version

After the object type version is published the only way to change the JSON schema is to create a new version. You can do it by clicking on the “New version” button. The new version will have the same JSON schema as the previous one. You can use it as initial value and edit it the way you want it.

Create the new version.

In this example we remove the “required” attribute in the JSON schema and save it.

Display the version history

The versions are created to keep track on changes in the JSON schema. You can see all the previous changes if you click on the “history” button in the top right corner of the object type admin page.

Show the history of changes.

You can see all the versions, their statuses, the creation dates and the related JSON shemas.